Commas

Commas

One of the reasons that commas are confusing for English learners is that there are four different types of commas: The listing comma, the joining comma, the gapping comma, and bracketing commas.   The listing comma The listing comma is used instead of the words and/or within a list of three or more words, phrases or complete sentences.   The actor […]

Compound Adjectives

Compound Adjectives

  Compound adjectives are composed of more than one word. They have the same role in a sentence as one-word adjectives. This can sometimes be confusing for learners of English because those words don’t have to be adjectives but can be a combination of different kinds of words.   Examples include: Mary had light-brown hair. (adjective-adjective) He has a part-time job […]

Relative clauses

Relative clauses

I received the following question from an intrepid English student this week: “What are relative clauses, when do I use them and what is the difference between which and that?”   A relative clause is a clause containing the pronouns who, which, that or whom. They can be split into two categories: Defining – these modify or define the subject […]