Are you using these English words incorrectly?


The English language contains many words which can cause confusion for learners. It’s common for a word to have several meanings or to be pronounced and spelled the same as other words.

For example, homophones are words that sound like other words but have a different spelling and a different meaning. Homonyms are pairs of words which are spelled and pronounced the same but have a different meaning. Homographs, are words which are spelled the same as another word, but have a different meaning and pronunciation.

With so many words that appear similar to others, it’s easy to make mistakes. This is the first instalment of the Commonly Confused English Words blog which will explain the difference between these pairs of often misused words in English.

1. Compose / Comprise

The verb compose means to create, build or put something together. This could be a poem, letter or even yourself.
When a noun comprises other things, it means that it is formed by these things.

It is a common mistake to use the preposition of after comprise. It’s not necessary to use a preposition after this verb.

  • Franz Schubert composed hundreds of pieces of music in his short life.
  • This apartment comprises three bedrooms, a bathroom and a large kitchen.

2. Envy / Jealousy

Envy is an emotion that is felt when one lacks something. It is the feeling of wanting what someone else has and resenting them for having it.

Jealousy is a reaction to the threat of losing something or someone.  An emotion that comes from the idea that someone is trying to take what’s yours.

  • She is envious of her friend’s holiday to Thailand. She would love to travel there too.
  • When my brother spends time with his female friends, his girlfriend often feels jealous.

3.  Adopt / Adapt

If you adopt something, it means that you accept it as your own.

However, to adapt to something is to change in a way that allows one to deal with new circumstances.

  • I would love to adopt a rescue dog.
  • You might find it hard to adapt to the responsibility of owning a pet.

4. Except / Accept 

The preposition except is used to show that something has been excluded.

We use the verb accept to describe a situation in which someone consents to receive something.

  • The library is open every day except Sunday.
  • Please accept my apologies for being late.

5. Compliment / Complement

complement is an addition to something that improves it.

If you pay someone a compliment, you make an admiring remark about them.

  • This red wine complements the meal very well.
  • The food is delicious. Please pass on my compliments to the chef.

These are just a few of the words which can confuse English learners. Can you think of any more? Post your answers in the comments section below. If you have any questions, you can contact us here or email us at Intrepid English.

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This blog was written by Intrepid English Teacher and Founder, Lorraine.

Find out more about Lorraine on her Intrepid English Teacher profile page

If you have any questions, or you would like to request a topic for a future blog, you can contact us by using the chat box in the bottom right-hand corner of your screen, or email us at Intrepid English.

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Hello, and welcome to the Intrepid English podcast. My name is Lorraine, and today, I have a conversation for you. My friend Alyssa is a Diversity and Inclusion Consultant in London. And when I told Alyssa that we were creating a diversity and inclusion course, in the intrepid English Academy, we had a lovely conversation about why diversity and inclusion are so important. I asked her to join me on this podcast as an expert in this field, to break down these big topics so that our English learners and the listeners of this podcast can understand a little bit about what diversity and inclusion are, why they’re so important, and give you a little bit of language that you can use to increase your awareness and broaden your horizons in these essential areas.


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