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The most commonly used verbs for reporting speech are say and tell. There is one small difference between them. After tell we use a personal pronoun such as me, us, her etc. i.e. we indicate the listener or receiver of the information. With say it is incorrect to use a personal pronoun after the reporting verb.

Let’s look at an example:

Original statement: “I am going to the supermarket.”

Report with said: 

She said [that] she was going to the supermarket.

(SUB) + (Reporting Verb) + (That) + (Reported statement)

Report with told:

She told me [that] she was going to the supermarket.

(SUB) + (Reporting Verb) + (Object (listener)) + (That) + (Reported statement)

Note – Inclusion of ‘that’ is optional with both verbs.

A note on pronouns:

Pay attention to pronouns! It is also necessary to change personal pronouns, object pronouns and possessive pronouns in order to convey the correct meaning in the reported speech.

For example: 

Original Statement – Mary to me: “I work at a school in the centre of town with your cousin. We sometimes have coffee breaks together!”

Me later reporting the conversation: “She told me she worked at a school in the centre of town with my cousin. She said that they sometimes had coffee breaks together.